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Balloon kyphoplasty, or simply kyphoplasty, is a minimally invasive technique used to treat vertebrae that have lost their shape or stability and are creating pressure on the nerves. Kyphoplasty is done to repair fractures in the vertebrae, usually in patients with osteoporosis or following an injury.
First, a small incision is made in the back over the affected vertebra. A small surgical balloon is then inserted into the fracture and inflated to create space and restore the vertebra to a height closer to normal. While the vertebra is being held up by the balloon, the space is injected with fast-drying cement that takes the original shape of the vertebra. The balloon is then removed and the incision closed. Patients often feel immediate pain relief after the procedure.